The Gospel of John for Youth
Commentary by Pastor Ron
John Chapter 19
(Words in red in the Scriptures are the words of Jesus)
"Pilate then took Jesus and scourged Him."
Pilate told his soldiers to tie Jesus
to a post and hit His back with a whip many times. The whipping was
terrible and some did not live through it.
"And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on His
head, and put a purple robe on Him;"
Jesus really is our King. But they
did not believe in Him, and jammed a “crown” of thorns down on His head,
making Him bleed. Purple was the color worn by kings. They put a purple
robe on Jesus’ shoulders to make fun of Him.
"and they began to come up to Him and say, 'Hail, King of the Jews!' and
to give Him slaps in the face.
The soldiers laughed at Jesus and
began slapping His face. The Roman soldiers shouted “Hail” to Jesus,
which is the way a king was greeted. Jesus really IS the King. But they
did not know.
"Pilate came out again and said to them, 'Behold, I am bringing Him out to
you so that you may know that I find no guilt in Him.'"
Governor Pilate was having Jesus
brought outside to stand in front of the angry mob. Pilate was the
highest Roman judge in that place. He told the Jews: “Jesus is innocent.
He committed no crime.”
"Jesus then came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe.
Pilate said to them, 'Behold, the Man!'"
Jesus was now outside the building,
standing in front of angry people. He was bleeding from the “crown” of
thorns and wore the purple robe. They had tried to make Him look
ridiculous. Pilate pointed at Jesus and said, “Here He is!” He hoped
they would laugh and let Him go.
Verse 6. "So
when the chief priests and the officers saw Him, they cried out saying,
'Crucify, crucify!' Pilate said to them, 'Take Him yourselves and crucify
Him, I find no guilt in Him.'"
The mob of Jewish leaders and officers
were shouting at Pilate that they wanted him to “crucify” Jesus (have Him
killed by nailing Him to a tree). Pilate held up his hand at them and
answered: “YOU do it – He’s an innocent man.”
"The Jews answered him, 'We have a law, and by that law He ought to die
because He made Himself out to be the Son of God.'"
The Jews had many laws. To pretend to
be the Son of God, when you’re not, is “blasphemy” (a lie about God). But
Jesus really IS the Son of God, and He’s innocent. He had done no wrong.
"Therefore when Pilate heard this statement, he was even more afraid;"
Pilate was not a Christian, but he was
a religious man. Most people were at that time. He wondered, “What if
Jesus really IS the Son of God? Governor Pilate was afraid.
"and he entered into the Praetorium again and said to Jesus, 'Where are
You from?' But Jesus gave him no answer."
Pilate went back into his house (the
“Praetorium” – the house of the Roman Governor), and spoke to Jesus
again. Jesus might actually BE the Son of God, he thought, and began to
ask more questions. But Jesus did not answer him.
"So Pilate said to Him, 'You do not speak to me? Do You not know that I
have authority to release You, and I have authority to crucify You?'"
Pilate was really upset, now. He
didn’t want to kills Jesus, and he hoped Jesus would help him know what to
do. He reminded Jesus: “I have the power to kill You!”
"Jesus answered, 'You
would have no authority over Me, unless it had been given you from above;
for this reason he who delivered Me to you has the greater sin.'"
God the Father LET Pilate kill Jesus,
for He would die for our sins. God LETS us do many things. When the
Romans killed the Son of God it was terrible, but for the Jews who brought
Him to be killed, it was even worse.
"As a result of this Pilate made efforts to release Him, but the Jews
cried out saying, 'If you release this Man, you are no friend of Caesar;
everyone who makes himself out to be a king opposes Caesar.'"
Governor Pilate wanted to let Jesus go
free! He shouted at the Jewish leaders that Jesus was innocent! But they
answered: “We will TELL on you, if you don’t do this!” They asked, “How
can Jesus be a king, when the Caesar of Rome is the only king?”
"Therefore when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and sat
down on the judgment seat at a place called The Pavement, but in Hebrew,
Governor Pilate had no answer (see
verse 12) for the words they said had made him afraid. Pilate was the
human judge in the area we now call “Israel”. He had his officers bring
Jesus to the place of judgment, and Pilate would now either sentence Jesus
to death or let Him go.
"Now it was the day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the
sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, 'Behold, your King!'"
The Jewish leaders were very religious
and were getting ready for the Passover, a feast that thanked God for
setting them free. But they weren’t free – they were in sin and were
about to do something terrible! Pilate had his soldiers stand Jesus
before the Jewish leaders.
"So they cried out, 'Away with Him, away with Him, crucify Him!' Pilate
said to them, 'Shall I crucify your King?' The chief priests answered,
'We have no king but Caesar.'"
The Jewish leaders shouted at Pilate:
“Kill Him (Jesus)!” They wanted Jesus to be dead. “Isn’t this your
King?” Pilate asked. Then they said the awful words: “We have no king but
the Caesar of Rome!” That was true. God was not their King.
"So he then handed Him over to them to be crucified."
Governor Pilate decided he could do
nothing else, and told his officers to take Jesus and execute (kill) Him
by crucifixion. He would be nailed to a tree.
"They took Jesus, therefore, and He went out, bearing His own cross, to
place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in
The Roman soldiers took Jesus outside
the City of Jerusalem and made Him carry a large, heavy, wooden cross, to
a place called “Golgotha”. It was a small hill that was shaped something
like a human skull.
"There they crucified Him, and with Him two other men, one on either side,
and Jesus in between."
The Roman soldiers threw Jesus down
onto the heavy wooden cross, and nailed His hands and feet to the cross.
Two other men were crucified at the same time He was. One was to His left
and the other was on His right side.
"Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It was written,
'Jesus The Nazarene, The King Of The Jews.'"
They usually wrote down the crime the
person had committed and nailed the paper to the top of the cross, above
the head of the person who was crucified. Pilate wrote the truth: Jesus
was from Nazareth and He was the King of the Jews. Jesus was innocent and
there was no crime to write about.
"Therefore many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where
Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Latin
and in Greek."
At the time of the Passover Feast,
many of the Jews who lived in other countries, came to Jerusalem. Pilate
wanted all of them to understand what he wrote on Jesus’ cross, so he had
it written in three languages.
"So the chief priests of the Jews were saying to Pilate, Do not write,
'The King of the Jews; but that He said, 'I am King of the Jews.'"
The Jewish leaders got what they
wanted: Jesus would be killed. Now they were still trying to give orders
to Roman Governor Pilate. They asked him to change the words written on
the paper nailed to Jesus’ cross.
"Pilate answered, 'What I have written I have written.'"
Pilate should have done this sooner.
He was fed up with all of this and refused to do anything more. He would
not change the words on Jesus’ cross. “No”, he told them.
"Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His outer garments
and made four parts, a part to every soldier and also the tunic; now the
tunic was seamless, woven in one piece."
Jesus was now nailed to the cross, and
so were the two men on each side, who were thieves. In Psalm 22:18,
written 1000 years before this happened, it was said, “they divide My
garments among them”, which they were doing right at that moment.
"So they said to one another, 'Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it,
to decide whose it shall be'; this was to fulfill the Scripture: 'They
divided My outer garments among them, and for My clothing they cast
Jesus had a nice outer coat, called a
“tunic”. The soldiers now played a gambling game to win His tunic. In
Psalm 22:18, it said they would “cast lots for My clothing”.
"Therefore the soldiers did these things. But standing by the cross of
Jesus were His mother, and His mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas,
and Mary Magdalene."
Not only men, but women had also
followed Jesus. Several of the women were named “Mary”. Many years
before, when Jesus was a baby, God’s prophet had said that Jesus’ mother
would have pain in her heart because of her Son (Luke 2:35). She was VERY
upset and was feeling great pain, right at that moment.
"When Jesus then saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing
nearby, He said to His mother, 'Woman, behold, your son!'"
“The disciple (student) whom He loved”
was a “best friend” of Jesus, while He was on earth. It is thought the
friend was John, who wrote this Book of John. Even though Jesus was in
great pain, He spoke, telling His mother, Mary, that she should let John
"Then He said to the disciple, 'Behold, your mother!' From that hour the
disciple took her into his own household."
It was hard for Jesus to speak,
because He was in pain from the cross, but He told John to take care of
Mary, Jesus’ mother. After this, John immediately took Mary into his home
and cared for her.
"After this, Jesus, knowing that all things had already been accomplished,
to fulfill the Scripture, said,
'I am thirsty.'"
David had said that in dying for us,
Jesus would be thirsty (His mouth would be dry - Psalm 22:15 and Psalm
69:3). Jesus was thirsty, just as it had been said, long ago.
Verse 29. "A
jar full of sour wine was standing there; so they put a sponge full of the
sour wine upon a branch of hyssop and brought it up to His mouth."
They gave Him sour wine (vinegar –
this was foretold in Psalm 69:21), by dipping a sponge into it and holding
it up to Him at the end of a stick of wood (hyssop).
"Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said,
'It is finished!'
And He bowed His head and gave up His spirit."
Jesus knew that His work was done. He
had taken our sins on Himself and the job was over. With that, He bowed
His head, and gave up His life, His spirit. It was Jesus, not the Romans
or the Jews, who decided when and how He would die.
"Then the Jews, because it was the day of preparation, so that the bodies
would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high
day), asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be
The religious Jews were still trying
to prepare themselves for the Passover Feast. They didn’t want to see the
dying men on the crosses anymore, and asked Governor Pilate to have them
killed. If their legs were broken, they would die, because they couldn’t
push upward with their legs anymore, which meant they couldn’t breathe.
"So the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first man and of the
other who was crucified with Him;"
The two thieves on either side of
Jesus were still alive, and so the Roman soldiers hit their legs with
large hammers, breaking their bones. They could not breathe anymore and
soon died. One of the thieves went to be with God, and the other simply
"but coming to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not
break His legs."
In Psalm 34:20, David said of the
righteous (only Jesus is truly righteous), “He guards all His bones; not
one of them is broken”. The soldiers broke the bones of the two thieves,
but Jesus’ bones were not broken.
"But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately
blood and water came out."
John the Apostle, who was there and
saw all that happened, talked about this “blood and water” in another
place: “This is He who came by water and blood – Jesus Christ; not only by
water, but by water and blood” (1 John 5:6). Jesus gave everything for
you and me.
"And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he
knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe."
The church has said from the beginning
that John the Apostle, brother of James, son of Zebedee, wrote the Book of
John. He saw all this happen. He told the truth. John knew it was true,
and he wrote this book so that you will believe his words and receive
Jesus as your Savior.
"For these things came to pass to fulfill the Scripture, 'Not a bone of
Him shall be broken.'"
The Scripture John is speaking about,
is Psalm 34:20. Jesus was righteous – He was the innocent One who died
for us all. It was said of Him that His bones would not be broken, and
that’s what happened.
"And again another Scripture says, 'They shall look on Him whom they
These were words that were said by
Zechariah the Prophet (Zechariah 12:10), that people would look upon the
dying Jesus. And in His death, the Holy Spirit would be given. And that
was true. In just a short time, Jesus would come ALIVE, and His Spirit
would be given to the people of God.
"After these things Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but a
secret one for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the
body of Jesus; and Pilate granted permission. So he came and took away His
Joseph of Arimathea was a rich man,
and it was prophesied that Jesus would be “with the rich at His death”
(Isaiah 53:9). Joseph asked Governor Pilate to let him take the body of
Jesus for burial. Pilate said “Yes” and Joseph took the body away.
"Nicodemus, who had first come to Him by night, also came, bringing a
mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds weight."
In John Chapter 3, we saw Nicodemus,
who had questions and came to Jesus at night. Jesus had told this
religious man, “You must be born again” (John 3:7). Nicodemus believed in
Jesus Christ and brought spices that would be for a rich man, to put with
His body. 100 pounds was the amount that would be given to a king.
"So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen wrappings with the
spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews."
Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus had
Jesus wrapped in expensive linen cloth, which was filled with spices
called myrrh and aloes. Those spices had a strong scent that would cover
the odor of death.
"Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the
garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid."
The burial places in that land were
often used many times. This was a new tomb, which had been cut out of the
rock for Joseph of Arimathea (Matthew 27:60). He was giving what would be
his own grave to Jesus. He really loved the Lord.
"Therefore because of the Jewish day of preparation, since the tomb was
nearby, they laid Jesus there."
The Passover Feast was very important
to them, but so was the Lord Jesus. Because of the Passover, they hurried
to get Him into a nearby grave, and yet they took the time to do it,
because they loved Him.
Ron Beckham, Pastor
Friday Study Ministries